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191 817

people were eliminated by Einsatzgruppen A by October 1941 in the occupied territories of the USSR.

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Philipp Gut "Witness of the century Ben Ferencz: chief prosecutor of the Nuremberg trials and passionate fighter for justice"

On the night of 16 October 1946, the death sentences handed down to criminals at the Nuremberg trials were carried outOn the night of 16 October 1946, the death sentences handed down to criminals at the Nuremberg trials were carried out

Rope and Ashes

16 October 1946 marked a long-awaited turning point in the history of the Third Reich and the Nuremberg Trials. The defendants, sentenced to death, met their end. The editors' team of the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project presents a chronicle of the last hours of their lives. Disclaimer: Please note, this publication contains shocking content – the illustrations in the photo gallery are posthumous photographs of the executed.

On the night of 16 October 1946, the death sentences handed down to criminals at the Nuremberg trials were carried outOn the night of 16 October 1946, the death sentences handed down to criminals at the Nuremberg trials were carried out

Rope and Ashes

16 October 1946 marked a long-awaited turning point in the history of the Third Reich and the Nuremberg Trials. The defendants, sentenced to death, met their end. The editors' team of the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project presents a chronicle of the last hours of their lives. Disclaimer: Please note, this publication contains shocking content – the illustrations in the photo gallery are posthumous photographs of the executed.

A permit to enter Leningrad, 1942 / Central State Archive of St. Petersburg. F. 8134. Series. 3. Case. 637. Pp. 112a-b. Case. 886. Pp. 41-10. / A picture from the book "Day-to-day Documents of the People of Leningrad during the War and Siege of 1941-1945"A permit to enter Leningrad, 1942 / Central State Archive of St. Petersburg. F. 8134. Series. 3. Case. 637. Pp. 112a-b. Case. 886. Pp. 41-10. / A picture from the book "Day-to-day Documents of the People of Leningrad during the War and Siege of 1941-1945"

The Theft of Historical Memory

Who would speculate about one of the most tragic pages of Russian history, and why? How can we safeguard the truth about the victims and the heroism of the people of Leningrad? Natalia Osipova, project manager of “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis”, on why our society got carried away with the “ambiguity” game and what losses the historical consciousness has suffered 80 years after the beginning of the Siege.

A permit to enter Leningrad, 1942 / Central State Archive of St. Petersburg. F. 8134. Series. 3. Case. 637. Pp. 112a-b. Case. 886. Pp. 41-10. / A picture from the book "Day-to-day Documents of the People of Leningrad during the War and Siege of 1941-1945"A permit to enter Leningrad, 1942 / Central State Archive of St. Petersburg. F. 8134. Series. 3. Case. 637. Pp. 112a-b. Case. 886. Pp. 41-10. / A picture from the book "Day-to-day Documents of the People of Leningrad during the War and Siege of 1941-1945"

The Theft of Historical Memory

Who would speculate about one of the most tragic pages of Russian history, and why? How can we safeguard the truth about the victims and the heroism of the people of Leningrad? Natalia Osipova, project manager of “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis”, on why our society got carried away with the “ambiguity” game and what losses the historical consciousness has suffered 80 years after the beginning of the Siege.

Can a card game be something more than just a game? Surviving in a concentration camp was like playing dice with death. The imaginary disarmament of the enemy – it`s a game where the results aren’t obvious, but can still be appreciated. Can a card game be something more than just a game? Surviving in a concentration camp was like playing dice with death. The imaginary disarmament of the enemy – it`s a game where the results aren’t obvious, but can still be appreciated.

Ace of Diamonds, Coffin of Pine

"The deck of fate is whimsically shuffled," Bulgakov once said of the inscrutability of the intricacies of fate. "What is our life? A game!" - argued the opera The Queen of Spades. As long as playing cards have existed, people have looked for hidden meanings and messages in them. Can a card game be more than that? Yes. It can. A prisoner's survival in a concentration camp is a game with death. Morally disarming the enemy is a game with secret, powerful trump cards. Making a small ideological "bomb" in a besieged city is a game of overcoming monstrous obstacles. Our team have picked up three unique decks of anti-fascist cards, each with its own striking story behind it. A story of a difficult game, a perfect combination, and an unconditional win by a landslide.

Can a card game be something more than just a game? Surviving in a concentration camp was like playing dice with death. The imaginary disarmament of the enemy – it`s a game where the results aren’t obvious, but can still be appreciated. Can a card game be something more than just a game? Surviving in a concentration camp was like playing dice with death. The imaginary disarmament of the enemy – it`s a game where the results aren’t obvious, but can still be appreciated.

Ace of Diamonds, Coffin of Pine

"The deck of fate is whimsically shuffled," Bulgakov once said of the inscrutability of the intricacies of fate. "What is our life? A game!" - argued the opera The Queen of Spades. As long as playing cards have existed, people have looked for hidden meanings and messages in them. Can a card game be more than that? Yes. It can. A prisoner's survival in a concentration camp is a game with death. Morally disarming the enemy is a game with secret, powerful trump cards. Making a small ideological "bomb" in a besieged city is a game of overcoming monstrous obstacles. Our team have picked up three unique decks of anti-fascist cards, each with its own striking story behind it. A story of a difficult game, a perfect combination, and an unconditional win by a landslide.

Residents of the Warsaw Ghetto.Residents of the Warsaw Ghetto.

‘If These Men Escape Punishment, the Law Would Lose All Meaning’

The team of editors at the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project together with the Eksmo publishing house offers another shocking excerpt from Philipp Gut’s book “Witness of the Century: Ben Ferencz, Chief Prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials and Passionate Fighter for Justice”.

Residents of the Warsaw Ghetto.Residents of the Warsaw Ghetto.

‘If These Men Escape Punishment, the Law Would Lose All Meaning’

The team of editors at the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project together with the Eksmo publishing house offers another shocking excerpt from Philipp Gut’s book “Witness of the Century: Ben Ferencz, Chief Prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials and Passionate Fighter for Justice”.

'They Were All Chosen'

The editorial team at the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project and the Eksmo publishing house continue their series of excerpts from Swiss historian Philipp Gut’s book ‘Jahrhundertzeuge Ben Ferencz’ (Witness to the Century Ben Ferencz).

'They Were All Chosen'

The editorial team at the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project and the Eksmo publishing house continue their series of excerpts from Swiss historian Philipp Gut’s book ‘Jahrhundertzeuge Ben Ferencz’ (Witness to the Century Ben Ferencz).

Reich Minister for Economic Affairs Walther Funk Reich Minister for Economic Affairs Walther Funk

Minister of Gold Teeth

A brilliant business journalist, Walther Funk became useful to the Nazis in two ways at once. He supervised the German press and contributed to its subjugation, then was responsible for the economy of the Third Reich, the defeat of the Jews' rights and the confiscation of their property, even after their deaths. But the end of his career was inglorious: Funk lost his former influence and drank himself to death.

Reich Minister for Economic Affairs Walther Funk Reich Minister for Economic Affairs Walther Funk

Minister of Gold Teeth

A brilliant business journalist, Walther Funk became useful to the Nazis in two ways at once. He supervised the German press and contributed to its subjugation, then was responsible for the economy of the Third Reich, the defeat of the Jews' rights and the confiscation of their property, even after their deaths. But the end of his career was inglorious: Funk lost his former influence and drank himself to death.

the first of the blots of the Rorschach inkblot testthe first of the blots of the Rorschach inkblot test

Nuremberg ‘Patients’

Those who attended the Nuremberg Trials could never quite satisfy themselves on the question of whether the defendants were truly mentally normal. Could it be that they were all maniacs, psychopaths, deranged sadists? And sure enough there were those among the staff of the International Military Tribunal who had to decide this on a professional level – psychiatrists and psychologists. There were three in particular who played a vital role in assessing the mental state of the criminals from whose acts the civilised world shrank in disgust. They were all American and two of them were Jewish and their experiences, which made them international stars, haunted them to their dying day. They were Douglas Kelley, Gustave Gilbert and Leon Goldensohn. Day after day they explored the paradoxes of Nazi psychology and grappled with the subconscious of history's greatest villains. But the conclusions drawn after numerous tests and extensive examinations dismayed even the experts.

the first of the blots of the Rorschach inkblot testthe first of the blots of the Rorschach inkblot test

Nuremberg ‘Patients’

Those who attended the Nuremberg Trials could never quite satisfy themselves on the question of whether the defendants were truly mentally normal. Could it be that they were all maniacs, psychopaths, deranged sadists? And sure enough there were those among the staff of the International Military Tribunal who had to decide this on a professional level – psychiatrists and psychologists. There were three in particular who played a vital role in assessing the mental state of the criminals from whose acts the civilised world shrank in disgust. They were all American and two of them were Jewish and their experiences, which made them international stars, haunted them to their dying day. They were Douglas Kelley, Gustave Gilbert and Leon Goldensohn. Day after day they explored the paradoxes of Nazi psychology and grappled with the subconscious of history's greatest villains. But the conclusions drawn after numerous tests and extensive examinations dismayed even the experts.

Mikhail Loshchits and Tamara Grabovenko, 1946

That German Was Our Friend

My grandfather Mikhail Fedorovich Loshchits (1917-2015) went through the war from the first to the last day. He served as a military journalist on the Leningrad front. He was an instructor in the political department of a division, a secretary, and then an editor of the divisional newspaper “In the line of duty”. The story “On the Last Day of the War” tells a little-known episode – the surrender of a group of German troops ambushed in the so-called Courland Pocket in western Latvia. It was only on 8 May that fierce fighting stopped there, however, some units resisted until the end of the month.

‘I Recalled the Smoke of Auschwitz’

Pravda’s special Nuremberg correspondent, the celebrated writer Boris Polevoi (who would soon shoot to fame in the Soviet Union for his book “The Story of a Real Man”) knew much more about Auschwitz than many other eyewitnesses at the Nuremberg trials. He visited the camp two days after it had been liberated by the Red Army in January 1945 and interviewed prisoners and witnesses, afterwards writing a memo about it to the Political Department at the Front. On 15 April 1946, he published his impressions of the examination of Rudolf Höss, the former commander of Auschwitz Extermination Camp, by the Nuremberg tribunal on the same day in an article for the Soviet Information Bureau. The authors of “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” found the article in the archives of Sovinformburo. The full version of Polevoi’s article about Auschwitz is published for the first time.
Christoph Waltz as Hans Landa in Inglourious Basterds

‘Inglourious Basterds’ (2009)

What should one watch if one wants to know about Nuremberg? Which films best capture the essence of the tribunal? Famed film aficionado Lydia Maslova has prepared a unique list of films to accompany the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project. We continue with our series, publishing her recommendations twice a week – the greatest films about the war and its aftermath, from the famous and award-winning, to the niche, but important and meaningful ones.
Movie screenshot

‘Zwartboek’ (‘Black Book’, 2006)

What ought one to watch if one wants to know about Nuremberg? Which films best capture the essence of the tribunal? Famed film aficionado Lydia Maslova has prepared a unique list of films to accompany the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project. We continue with our series, publishing her recommendations twice a week – the greatest films about the war and its aftermath, from the famous and award-winning to the niche but important and meaningful ones.

‘La Vita e Bella’ (‘Life is Beautiful’, 1997)

What should one watch if one wants to know about Nuremberg? Which films best capture the essence of the tribunal? Famed film aficionado Lydia Maslova has prepared a unique list of films to accompany the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project. We continue with our series, publishing her recommendations twice a week – the greatest films about the war and its aftermath, from the famous and award-winning, to the niche, but important and meaningful ones.

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