Calendar of events

July 1945August 1945September 1945October 1945November 1945December 1945January 1946February 1946March 1946April 1946May 1946June 1946July 1946August 1946September 1946October 1946November 1946December 1946January 1947February 1947

Soviet FM Molotov Was Told About Ambassador Schulenburg's Dying Wish

On 18 January 1946, Gotthold Starke, Counsellor of the German Embassy in Moscow, carried out the last wishes of the former German Ambassador in Moscow, Friedrich-Werner Graf von der Schulenburg.

Execution of War Criminals in Nikolayev, Opening of a Tribunal in Kiev

The city of Nikolayev. At 1 p.m. on 17 January 1946 at the Regional Theatre named after Chkalov, Colonel of Justice A.S. Zonov hands down a sentence in the case of Nazi atrocities on the territory of Nikolayev and the Nikolayev Oblast. Seven of the nine defendants are sentenced to death, the rest to hard labour.

Court Presented With Bormann's Report on the Reich's Invasion Plans

Minsk War Criminals Trial Begins

15 January 1946 – a war crimes trial involving Nazis accused of committing atrocities in Belarus commenced at the Red Army House.

Court Presented With Order Banning U-Boats to Save Sunken Ship Crews

At the morning session of 14 January 1946, Colonel Harry Phillimore of the British prosecution team began to read out evidence of the individual guilt of Defendant Karl Dönitz.

USSR and Poland Establish Border

On 13 January, 1946, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "On the ratification of the treaty between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Polish Republic of the Soviet-Polish state border" was issued.

Nuremberg Trial Officials Interrogate Dachau Prisoner for First Time

In early 1946, prosecutors started to deal with proving the individual responsibility of the defendants. On 11 January, a concentration camp prisoner was for the first time summoned to testify. Czech Doctor Frantisek Blaha stayed in the Dachau concentration camp from 1941 until its liberation by American troops in April 1945.

The Opening of the First Session of the UN General Assembly

On 10 January, at 16:00, the Chairman of the UN Preparatory Commission and Colombian delegate to the UN Eduardo Zuleta delivered a speech, announcing the opening of the first session of the UN General Assembly. 400 journalists and 300 guests attended the event in the Central Hall.

TASS Denies Rumors of a Soviet-Turkish War

Some Western media outlets reported that the USSR had declared war on Turkey. The main news agency of the Soviet Union, the TASS, described the information as rumors and provocation. The TASS’ denial was published in the Pravda newspaper on 9 January, 1946.

Mein Kampf is Filed as Evidence

British Assistant Trial Counsel Elwyn Jones presented the Case of Aggression as a Basic Nazi Idea based on the teachings of Hitler's Mein Kampf.

SS General Testifies About a Plan for the Genocide of Slavs

Patriarch Alexy I Sends Greeting to Joseph Stalin

Execution of Perpetrators of Atrocities in Leningrad Region

The verdict executed in the case of atrocities committed in Leningrad Region.

Russians Living in Harbin Receive Soviet Citizenship

Former subjects of the Russian Empire, who emigrated to China (predominantly the city of Harbin) after the Bolshevik victory, applied for Soviet citizenship en masse.

SS General Talks About Mass Executions of Soviet Citizens

American Soldiers Allowed to Marry Austrian Women

The US Army lifted a partial ban on marriage of military personnel to ‘enemy aliens.’

Abolition of War Tax - Transition of Economy to a Peacetime Budget

Raising taxes for military needs was introduced on 1 January 1942 by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. By a decision of this body on 6 July 1945, the levying of the war tax was abolished starting from 1 January 1946. The last month subjected to taxation was November 1945.
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