Calendar of events
July 1945August 1945September 1945October 1945November 1945December 1945January 1946February 1946March 1946April 1946May 1946June 1946July 1946August 1946September 1946October 1946November 1946December 1946January 1947February 1947
John Maynard Keynes, Father of Post-War Financial System, Passes Away
On 21 April 1946, John Maynard Keynes, the prominent British economist who influenced all of world economics, passed away. A key economic concept for the 20th century is named after him – Keynesian economics. Keynes is also considered to be the founder of macroeconomics as a separate academic discipline.
International Refugee Organisation Established
On 20 April 1946, the United Nations established the International Refugee Organisation (IRO) to assist the huge number of refugees flooding into Europe after World War II.
Main Cathedral of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius Reopens for Worship
On 19 April 1946, the first religious service since its reopening was held in the Main Cathedral of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius - the largest male monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church. The monastery dates back to the 14th century and, in its time, has served as a centre for religious, political, and cultural life, as well as having been pressed into service as a publishing house.
The First Session of the UN International Court of Justice Was Opened
Syria Gains Full Independence
US Launches German V-2 Ballistic Missile
Soviet Administration Issues an Order To Create Cemeteries
Jewish Avengers Poison German POWs With Arsenic
Soviet Union Pardons Baltic Collaborators
Soviets Study Battle of Berlin to Boost Military Science
Americans Test Jet Plane For The First Time
On 11 April 1946, the first flight of the Bell X-1 experimental aircraft with a rocket engine occurred at the Murok Air Force Base (renamed Edwards Air Force Base in the 1950s).
Rudenko Shot Göring In The Courtroom
On 10 April the American Army's newspaper “Stars and Stripes” was published with a headline that suggested that Soviet prosecutor Roman Rudenko had “shot and killed” the defendant Hermann Göring in the courtroom in Nuremberg. The sensational headline was taken by several other agencies as well.
Secret Science Centre for the Development of Soviet Nuclear Bomb
On 9 April 1946, the Council of Ministers of the USSR issued a secret decree No. 805-327ss on the creation of Design Bureau No. 11 (KB-11) for the development of nuclear weapons at Laboratory No. 2 of the USSR Academy of Sciences (now the National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute"). Soviet scientists were ordered to create a domestic atomic bomb in the shortest possible time. Defence plant No. 550 in the village of Sarov in the Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (now the city of Sarov in the Nizhny Novgorod Region) became the technical base of Design Bureau No. 11.
The Last Session of The League Of Nations Opens
Königsberg Region Established in Part of East Prussia
Commandant of Japan's Most Dreadful POW Camp Executed
The Japanese-occupied town of Sandakan on the island of Borneo was used as a prisoner-of-war camp for Australians, British, and Americans to maintain a military airfield. Allied aviation constantly shelled Sandakan, causing the Japanese military command to build a new airfield in the town of Ranau in North Borneo and to abolish the Sandakan POW Camp.
Soviet Troops Leave Danish Island
In 1945 German authorities used the Danish island of Bornholm to evacuate blockaded German groups from the Courland Pocket. The island housed a naval port and an airfield.
Japanese Emperor Hirohito Exempted from Prosecution
On 4 April 1946, the Far Eastern Commission decided on the punishment of Japanese war criminals. The commission was created according to an agreement concluded at the Moscow meeting of the foreign ministers of the USSR, the USA, and Great Britain on 16-26 December 1945.
Fragments From The Diary of Anne Frank Published For The First Time
Die Welt: First Issue of ‘The World’ Newspaper Published
US Navy Launched Final Destruction of Japan’s Submarine Fleet