Calendar of events

July 1945August 1945September 1945October 1945November 1945December 1945January 1946February 1946March 1946April 1946May 1946June 1946July 1946August 1946September 1946October 1946November 1946December 1946January 1947February 1947

The Trial of Vlasov and His Accomplices Begins in the USSR

On 30 July 1946, the trial of the former Soviet General Andrey Vlasov and his accomplices began in the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, consisting of the chairman Vasiliy Vasilievich Ulrich and members of the collegium F.F. Karavaikov and G.N. Danilov.

Air India Begins Operations

Japan Indicted for War Crimes in the Philippines

Muslims in India Reject Cabinet Mission Plan

US Congress Reinstates Office of Price Administration

Georgia Lynching

Andrei Gromyko Flatly Rejects Baruch Plan at United Nations

US Sends Back Last German POWs

King David Hotel is Bombed

UK Introduces Bread Rationing Cards

On 21 July 1946, the UK Ministry of Food introduced bread rationing cards.

Joint Committee Reports on Investigation Into 1941 Pearl Harbor Attack

On 20 July 1946, the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack presented a report analysing Japan’s attack of the United States.

The US Senate Blocks the Equal Rights Amendment

Dr Harisingh Gour University Founded in India

Yugoslav Serb General Dragoljub Mihailović is Executed

The Social Security Administration is Established in the USA

United Kingdom Receives $3.75 Billion Loan from US

On 14 July 1946, the US Senate, after a heated debate, approved a loan of $3.75 billion to the United Kingdom. The loan was negotiated by British economist John Maynard Keynes shortly before his death and US Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs William Clayton. The agreement stipulated that the loan would be given at 2% interest, with $1.19 billion being provided by Canada on the same terms.

Dr Benjamin Spock's ‘Baby and Child Care’ Goes On Sale

On 14 July 1946, “The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care” by American paediatrician Benjamin Spock was published. The handbook for young parents was not only an iconic book of the 20th century, but also the first handbook in which the author calls for a child to be treated as an individual from the moment of birth. In the USSR, the book would be published for the first time in 1956 and would be the beginning of a revolutionary change in attitude towards children and childhood. In fact, it was only after the war that such a concept could have emerged - respect for the individual, the value of individuality, the right to freedom, as well as a delicate and caring attitude, as opposed to the authoritarianism and discipline that had so far prevailed.

United States Marines Captured by Chinese Communists

On 13 July 1946, seven US Marines were captured in Hebei province, China, in the village of Xinanzhuang, near Qinhuangdao. This happened during bloody battles where the main goal of the People’s Liberation Army was not to defend or conquer cities, but to destroy the enemy’s manpower. Capturing the American Marines was a stroke of luck for the Chinese Communist forces.

United Kingdom Adopts Coal Industry Nationalisation Act

On 12 July 1946, the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act received royal assent. From then on, the costs of maintenance and improvement of mines (£520 million), and of compensation to the former owners (£229 million) were allocated to the state budget. In 1947, the entire coal industry became subordinated to the National Coal Board that was created by the government. 42 regional coal offices became subordinated to 9 district coal offices, while coal trade remained in private hands.

US Proposes Economic Unification of the Occupied Zones

On 11 July 1946, US Secretary of State James Byrnes at a meeting of the foreign ministers of the four allied states proposed the economic unification of the occupation zones.

Hungary Suffers Highest Rate of Hyperinflation Ever Recorded

On 10 July 1946, the Hungarian financial system collapsed. Inflation reached 400% per day, with all prices doubling in less than 15 hours. The exchange rate of one US dollar was equal to 59 billion pengös.

Disabled Partisans in the USSR Provided With Pensions

On 9 July 1946, the Council of Ministers of the USSR adopted resolution No. 1516 “On pensions for former servicemen and their families”.

Author of the Soviet Anthem and ‘The Sacred War’ Dies

First American Woman To Be Made a Saint

Mass Riots in Trieste

The First Public Review of the Bikini Swimsuit

The Kielce Pogrom

The National Mental Health Act Becomes Law in the United States

America’s General Clay Declares Amnesty for Nazis Under the Age of 27

Operation Crossroads Launched at Bikini Atoll

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