Interpreters at a session of the International Military Tribunal.Interpreters at a session of the International Military Tribunal.

The Nuremberg Trials Wouldn’t Have Taken Place Without Interpreters

At the Nuremberg Trials, everything was a first - including the debut of international simultaneous interpretation. The new practice of interpretation was invented and introduced at the tribunal - "simultaneous interpretation" was necessary for the new world, which was going to live on without war. Countries and people managed to come to an agreement in every sense: a common space for dialogue was provided by interpreters, who bore perhaps the greatest responsibility and who had never done anything like this before or since. The Soviet interpreters had a particularly difficult time - and they passed the unprecedented test with flying colours.
Nuremberg trial, 1945Nuremberg trial, 1945

In-Between Genocide & Crimes Against Humanity

The Nuremberg Trials were the first of their kind in history, turning into a judgment against a regime and an entire era - the Nazi period that gripped Germany for one and a half decades. It gave a powerful impetus to the development of international law. In particular, it introduced the concept of "crimes against humanity" that we use today. The forging of a new term, a key one for the advancement of human rights, took place amid heated legal debates and even intrigues around the two concepts – "genocide" and "human rights". Georgy Bovt discusses the key legal collision for the modern world.

International Military Tribunal for the Far East

On 3 May 1946, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East began its work in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. It was the last joint “political project” of the USSR and the West, before the Cold War began. Experts of the “Nuremberg: Casus Pacis” project explain the difference between the Tokyo Trial and the Nuremberg Trials, and how it happened that in Japan it was not top officials, but their subordinates who were convicted for the crimes.

How to Get Ahead in Russian Society - Advice for Germans Abroad

On 14 February 1946, Lev Smirnov, the assistant chief prosecutor for the USSR, presented to the Tribunal evidence of crimes against the civilian population of the Soviet Union. Among documents presented were secret instructions dated 1 June 1941 issued by Herbert Backe, state secretary of the Reich’s Ministry for Food and Agriculture, on how officials should conduct themselves in the territory intended for occupation of the USSR.

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