Gdansk, PolandGdansk, Poland

Road to Königsberg

The prosecution at Nuremberg considered the event which marked the beginning of World War II – the Third Reich's invasion of Poland – between 4 and 6 December. The reason for the aggression was the issue of the Danzig Corridor, the territory between East Prussia and the rest of Germany where the Free City of Danzig (now Gdansk) was located. Hitler had stated that he wanted to repatriate the Prussian city in order to physically reunify Germany, but in reality, he wanted to take over all of Poland.
German Foreign Minister Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (right).German Foreign Minister Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (right).

It Would Have Been Better If He Sold Wine

Some suggest that he was not even a true Nazi. But in the early 1930s, he supported Hitler, and during the preparation for military aggression, he became minister of foreign affairs. It was Ribbentrop who signed a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union. But when Germany violated the agreement, the minister's role collapsed. His attempts to split the anti-Hitler coalition failed. Ribbentrop started plundering the occupied territories and deporting Jews.
Riots in the Sudetenland on the eve of the capture of Czechoslovakia. Sudeten Germans demolish a border postRiots in the Sudetenland on the eve of the capture of Czechoslovakia. Sudeten Germans demolish a border post

Four Diplomatic Cables on the Eve of the Munich Agreement

On 3 December 1945, the prosecution presented to the Tribunal a package of the Reich’s official documents which proved that the uprising in Czechoslovakia’s Sudeten region had been organised directly from Berlin. In September 1938, Nazi militants among the Sudeten Germans assaulted police stations and customs offices and murdered civil servants. The Czechoslovak authorities firmly suppressed the insurgencies, with many of the culprits being detained. Despite this, as a result of the British-French “policies of appeasement”, on 30 September, in Munich, the Munich Agreement (Munich Betrayal) was signed, whereby the Sudeten region was to come under German rule.

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